Coastal Bio-diversity Conservation & Livelihood

Coastal areas are defined as the interface or transition areas between land and sea, including large inland lakes. Coastal areas, biologically and economically productive ecosystems and provide a range of goods and services that are critical for the livelihood of millions of people, particularly poorer coastal communities. India has a very long coastline and 25% of the country's population lives in the coastal zone. The high population density along the banks of major rivers and coastal areas is attributed to the easy availability of water. As the exploration advanced towards deeper horizons, problems like salinity hazard, salt water intrusion, land subsidence etc. were faced, which made the situation quite complex. The high population and the modern living standards demand more water, which has put the coastal aquifers under stress. Precaution is the best way of approaching the problem.

IBRAD involve in sustainable management of coastal and marine areas through community participation.  Through systemic approach of bilateral matching institutions, IBRAD has successfully implemented coastal biodiversity conservation at Heroor VFC of Kundapur Division in Karnataka under KSFMBC project which shows encouraging results of coastal biodiversity regeneration, monitoring and evaluation.