Theme Areas

 

Biodiversity conservation

India has a rich and varied heritage of biodiversity, encompassing a wide spectrum of habitats from tropical rainforests to alpine vegetation and from temperate forests to coastal wetlands. India figured with two hotspots - the Western Ghats and the Eastern Himalayas. India contributes significantly to latitudinal biodiversity trend. With a mere 2.4% of the world's area, India accounts for 7.31% of the global faunal total with a faunal species count of 89,451 species.
But today we are losing species year on year, many of which we have perhaps not even recognised, it is essential to understand the existing biodiversity of the earth in order to conserve it. Life on earth is not a single species but   variety and variability of living organisms. Biodiversity is a boosting factor in ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms. A healthy ecosystem can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters. The survival of the fittest” within a given species, each species depends on the services provided by other species to ensure survival.
IBRAD through its own effort has started to play an active role in conservation of the bio-diversity throughout different agro-climatic regions. The Study of different patterns of Ecological change in natural forest is essential for decision making at different levels i.e. Village, District, and National levels. Due to extensive diversity found in India, localized studies on vegetation status is necessary to understand the dynamics and respond to highly varied environmental context. In this regard, the community people are playing a pivotal role through the program SANCALP in identification and conservation of species through Participatory Vegetation Monitoring. Participatory Vegetation Monitoring (PVM) is proved to be one of the most important and efficient tool for the community where they can blend their traditional knowledge with modern scientific methods in order to manage their forest resources.